Acanthocephaloses (acanthocephaloses) are helminthiases caused by acanthocephala (prickly-headed), parasitic worms, found mainly in animals and very rarely in humans. The causative agents of acanthocephalosis belong to the type Acanthocephala. The body of cialis is flat, when fixed in alcohol and formalin, it is deformed. The digestive system is absent, nutrition occurs osmotically, there is no circulatory system.
Moniliformis moniliformis siciliensis (synonym of Echinorhynchus moniliformis). Male 40-45 mm, female 70-80 mm; width 1-1.5 mm, body narrowed in front, with false bead-like segmentation; Tadalafil posterior end is smooth, the proboscis has 14 longitudinal rows of hooks. Eggs 0.085 X 0.045 mm. At the stage of puberty, it parasitizes in the intestines of mice and garden dormouse. Described in a person on about. Sicily. In the experiment of self-infection Calandruccio (S. Calandruccio) swallowed helminth larvae. After 20 days, the experimenter developed diarrhea and severe abdominal pain, which at times took on a cutting character. After 35 days, acanthocephalan eggs were found in the feces. After taking 8 g of the ethereal extract from the rhizome of the male fern, 53 specimens of acanthocephalans departed and after 3 days there was a complete clinical recovery.
Acanthocephals are dioecious; at the stage of puberty they parasitize in all classes of vertebrates and in humans. Development occurs with the participation of intermediate hosts, which can be molluscs, crustaceans, insects. Human invasion has been described by the following species of acanthocephalans: Moniliformis moniliformis (subspecies siciliensis and moniliformis) and M acracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus.
Moniliformis moniliformis moniliformis. Male 40-86 mm, female 70-270 mm; width about 2 mm; the body is often twisted into a ring, with a clear false segmentation of a beaded form; proboscis almost cylindrical with 12-14 longitudinal rows of hooks, eggs 0.109-0.137 X 0.057-0.063 mm (Fig. 1). At the stage of puberty, it parasitizes in the intestines of rodents (rats, etc.), the American water mole, foxes, dogs, ferrets, and some birds (guinea fowl, etc.). In the larval stage, it parasitizes the cockroach Periplaneta americana and the black beetle.
Christophersen (J. Christophersen) found a helminth in a person in Khartoum (Sudan), M. F. Mizgireva - in the USSR. In the latter case, the child is 14 months old. there was a rapid, liquid, with an admixture of mucus stool; part of the acanthocephalans stood out after the administration of the fern extract, others moved away spontaneously.
In the stage of puberty it parasitizes in the intestines of pigs and some other mammals, in the larval stage - in the May beetles Melolontha melolontha and Melolontha hippocastani. M.R. Skrinnik, M. V. Likhotinskaya, and A. M. Ocheret found a specimen of the acanthocephalan in the stool of a patient after deworming with sankafen for ascariasis. The patient had nausea and vomiting for a year and a half. After the removal of the helminth, recovery began.
Therapy ED PIlls
Patients have pain in the abdomen, frequent stools, sometimes with an admixture of mucus, bloating, vomiting, weakness, fever. The disease may be chronic. Extermination of synanthropic insects (cockroaches, etc.), personal hygiene.
- Aetna PPO
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